BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX°


BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX°
BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX° (1090–1153), French Cistercian, homilist, and theologian. In 1146, when preaching the Second Crusade, he intervened orally and in writing to protect the Jews in the Rhineland from persecution incited by a certain monk Radulph, declaring that an attempt on the life of a Jew was a sin tantamount to making an attempt on the life of Jesus. A letter addressed by Bernard to the Germans implicitly repudiates the policy urged by peter the Venerable, abbot of Cluny, against the Jews (although without expressly naming the abbot) by emphasizing the difference between Jews and Muslims; Bernard, while considering it right to take up arms against Muslims, maintains that it is forbidden to attack Jews. While Peter wished to expropriate the wealth of the Jews to finance the Crusade, Bernard limited himself to recommending the abolition of interest on credit they had advanced to crusaders. He finally recalled in his epistle the fate of Peter the Hermit and his followers, who had persecuted the Jews during the First Crusade and led his supporters into such peril that practically none had survived. Bernard warned that the present crusaders might well suffer similar Divine retribution: "It is to be feared that if you act in like manner, a similar fate will strike you." Jewish chroniclers stress Bernard's disinterestedness in his defense of the Jews. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Neubauer (ed.), Hebraeische Berichte… (1892), 58ff., 187ff.; Blumenkranz, in: K.H. Rengstorf and S. von Kortzfleisch (eds.), Kirche und Synagoge (1968), 119ff. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernard De Clairvaux — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Bernard. Bernard de Clairvaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BERNARD DE CLAIRVAUX — Personnage le plus célèbre de l’ordre de Cîteaux, Bernard fut aussi l’une des individualités les plus marquantes de l’histoire de l’Église médiévale et l’un des hommes les plus actifs et les plus importants du XIIe siècle. Origines, formation et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bernard of Clairvaux — [kler vō′] Saint (1090? 1153); Fr. monk & theological writer: founder of the Cistercian order: his day is Aug. 20 …   English World dictionary

  • Bernard de Clairvaux — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Bernard. Bernard de Clairvaux Bernard de Clairvaux, manuscrit du XIIIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernard of Clairvaux — Infobox Saint name=Saint Bernard of Clairvaux birth date=1090 death date=death date|1153|8|20|mf=y feast day=August 20 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church, Anglican Church imagesize=200px caption=St Bernard in A Short History of Monks and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard von Clairvaux — Bernhard von Clairvaux – Darstellung aus einem hochmittelalterlichen Manuskript Der Heilige Bernhard von Clairvaux (* um 1090 auf Burg Fontaine lès Dijon bei Dijon; † 20. August 1153 in Clairvaux bei Troyes; franz. Bernard) war ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernard of Clairvaux — (1090–1153)    Saint, Theologian, Mystic and Order Founder.    Bernard was born near Dijon in France. As a young man he joined the Cistercian Order and was soon invited to found a new community at Clairvaux. This was to become one of the most… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • BERNARD OF CLAIRVAUX — (1090 1153)    French CISTERCIAN MONK, and Abbot of Clairvaux, whose book Loving God is regarded as a classic of medieval MYSTICISM. He praised knighthood and supported both the Order of Templars and the Second Crusade. In his heyday he was… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Bernard of Clairvaux — biographical name Saint 1090 1153 French ecclesiastic • Bernardine adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.